GSP saved American companies over $400 million in the first half of 2020. GSP benefited companies in every state – and the map below shows the overall value of January-June 2020 GSP imports (in blue) and tax savings (in red) by state.
The top states by GSP savings have been fairly consistent over the years. California accounts for more than a quarter of GSP savings – about as much as the next 4 states (Florida, New York, Texas, New Jersey) combined. Washington and Tennessee have moved into the top 10 states in 2020, replacing Pennsylvania and North Carolina.
Savings are down sharply, from $555 million in 2019 to $407 million in 2020. The map below shows the widespread declines, with the Mountain West being a notable exception. Washington, Idaho, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, and Arizona form a string of growth states from the Canadian to Mexican borders. Colorado’s savings increased over 150% from 2019, largely driven by a jump in backpack imports. Massachusetts is the only other state where GSP savings are up in the first half of 2020.
Savings declined by over 40% in more than 20 states, including a whopping 78% in Vermont. GSP savings also declined by 67% in Montana and Oklahoma, 63% in North Dakota, 61% in Michigan, 60% in Minnesota, and 52% in West Virginia.
Declines are NOT due to Covid-19. American companies have paid up to $183 million in extra tariffs in 2020 due to GSP suspensions for India, Turkey, and Thailand. In the first half of 2019, tariffs paid due to suspensions (India and Turkey only) were about $35 million. Add those potential savings to actual savings in both years, and the first half totals were nearly identical ($590 million) in spite of Covid-19-related declines. Our next post will dig into state-by-state costs in 2020 associated with the suspensions.